Burkhardt, Dirk; Nazemi, Kawa
In: ICTE in Transportation and Logistics 2018 (ICTE 2018), vol. 149, pp. 515-524, 2019, ISSN: 1877-0509.
The impact of the electromobility has next to the automotive industry also an increasing impact on the transportation and logistics domain. In particular the today’s starting switches to electronic trucks/scooter lead to massive changes in the organization and planning in this field. Public funding or tax reduction for environment friendly solutions forces also the growth of new mobility and transportation services. However, the vast changes in this domain and the high number of innovations of new technologies and services leads also into a critical legal uncertainty. The clarification of a legal status for a new technology or service can become cost intensive in a dimension that in particular startups could not invest. In this paper we therefore introduce a new approach to identify and analyze legal conflicts based on a business model or plan against existing laws. The intention is that an early awareness of critical legal aspect could enable an early adoption of the planned service to ensure its legality. Our main contribution is distinguished in two parts. Firstly, a new Norm-graph visualization approach to show laws and legal aspects in an easier understandable manner. And secondly, a Visual Legal Analytics approach to analyze legal conflicts e.g. on the basis of a business plans. The Visual Legal Analytics approach aims to provide a visual analysis interface to validate the automatically identified legal conflicts resulting from the pre-processing stage with a graphical overview about the derivation down to the law roots and the option to check the original sources to get further details. At the end analyst can so verify conflicts as relevant and resolve it by advancing e.g. the business plan or as irrelevant. An evaluation performed with lawyers has proofed our approach.
Burkhardt, Dirk; Nazemi, Kawa
In: 4th International Conference of the Virtual and Augmented Reality in Education (VARE 2018), pp. 154-162, CAL-TEK SRL, Rende, Italy, 2018, ISBN: 978-1-5108-7222-6.
Laws or in general legal documents regulate a wide range of our daily life and also define the borders of business models and commercial services. However, legal text and laws are almost hard to understand. From other domains it is already known that visualizations can help understanding complex aspects easier. In fact, in this paper we introduce a new approach to visualize legal texts in a Norm-graph visualization. In the developed Norm-graph visualization it is possible to show major aspects of laws and make it easier for users to understand it. The Norm-graph is based on semantic legal data, a so called Legal-Concept-Ontology.
Nazemi, Kawa; Breyer, Matthias; Burkhardt, Dirk; Stab, Christian; Kohlhammer, Jörn
In: Wahlster, Wolfgang; Grallert, Hans-Joachim; Wess, Stefan; Friedrich, Hermann; Widenka, Thomas (Ed.): Towards the Internet of Services: The THESEUS Research Program, Chapter 15, pp. 191–202, Springer International Publishing, Switzerland, 2014, ISBN: 978-3-319-06755-1.
Information is an indispensable resource today. Access to and interaction with information play more and more a key role, whereas the amount of accessible information increases. Semantic technologies provide new solutions to structure this important property. One promising way to access the complex semantic structures and the huge amount of data is visualization. Today's Semantic Visualization systems offer primarily proprietary solutions for predefined and known users and usage scenarios. The adaptation to other scenarios and users is often cost- and time-consuming. This article presents a novel model for a fully adaptable and adaptive Semantics Visualization framework. Starting with the introduction of a new visualization model, the implementation of this model will be described. The article concludes with selected advantages of the described visualization technology.
Dipl.-Inf. Dirk Burkhardt
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